The Nexus Between Turkey’s Foreign Policy and Geopolitics of Natural Gas

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International relations theory explains the behaviour of states. In the international system, states behave in a similar manner despite their internal differences. Geopolitical theory which is rooted in imperialist realist discourse, explains the power struggle in regard to space. The geopolitical importance of space is not static. Rather it is determined by a changing international system. For instance, the end of Cold War has changed the geopolitical position of many countries in international politics. Turkey was an important country located in front line security zone for Western security during the Cold War as it borders the unstable regions of the Caucasus, and the Middle East.

 

Even though Turkey has lost its geopolitical importance after the dissolution of Soviet Russia, she has found another bargaining instrument to promote her geopolitical role in the western security system. This   is the hydrocarbon transport instrument, vis-à-vis the establishment of a pipeline network system, (some materialised whilst others are still under construction or projected by an international consortium), which transports through Turkey to the European energy market.

 

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