Is the International System Moving to New Yalta-Potsdam Agreements?

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In September 2014, U.S. Deputy Defense Minister Robert Work shared personal and other views on global shifts in international relations with a panel of experts and the media at the Council of Foreign Relations. The Minister followed President Obama’s speech in the UN General Assembly reiterating that Russia and China;

 

definitely believe that the current world order, as established over the last 70 years, they would like to change certain aspects of it. So that's going to be a constant point of attention. So at the strategic level, it is, how are we going to work with two very strong powers, regional powers right now? And how will we be able to work out ways in which we engage with each other over time? That's the strategic level. [1]

 

Recognition from such a high-level U.S. official concerning Russia and China’s global rising power, has forced many experts to monitor and analyze the real and not abstract effort by the two powers to form a strong pole of gravity.

 

The SCO as a major factor in the formation of a new world order

 

On 11-12 September the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit took place in the capital of Tajikistan, Dushanbe. The event was not an ordinary but a very essential move forward in terms of strengthening mutual cooperation and assistance. There are clear indicators of the SCO’s increased importance.

 

India said that it has submitted its formal application for entry into the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said that New Delhi is ready to step up its engagement with the grouping. Pakistan and Iran have also submitted their applications to join. It is necessary to understand that India-China and India-Pakistan have mutual political problems. However, the sides are ready to contribute towards a joint international effort within the SCO. According to some experts and SCO officials, Iran may have to wait as the organisation’s rules bar any country facing UN sanctions for membership. To continue, President Karimov of Uzbekistan proposed that his Russian colleague move from strategic partnership to relations of alliance [2]. We should be reminded that Uzbekistan has pursued a controversial policy in the CIS space and with the Russian Federation in particular.

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