A Systemic Approach Towards Turkish and Iranian Security Relations (1950 - 1989)

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Turkish – Iranian security relations can be investigated by using the systemic level of analysis. Whilst the foreign-policy analysis of both countries generally concentrates on the level of the individual and state, under the systemic level of analysis, the main characteristic of Turkish-Iranian foreign policy and security relations relies on the interaction between ‘client’ (Turkey) and ‘proxy’ (Iran), in their relations with United States. In defining client and proxy state relations, this paper emphasizes the interactions on the systemic level, which differ significantly from the mainstream approaches of international relations theories. It is argued that during the Cold War, the international system was considered as being “bipolar” due to the “balance of terror”, (nuclear terror) which spontaneously set polarity between the two blocs (East and West), creating a security-oriented politics, both at the regional and domestic level.

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