Dr. Esmira Jafarova is a visiting scholar at Columbia University (Harriman Institute) in New York. She holds a PhD from University of Vienna. Her educational background includes the Central European University (CEU, Hungary), Geneva Center for Security Policy (GCSP, Geneva), Diplomatic Academy of Vienna and George Marshall Center for Security Policy. She has held diplomatic positions at the Permanent Missions of Azerbaijan to the OSCE and to the United Nations. The views expressed in this paper are purely her own and do not represent any organization.